By Ali Mansoor
A catastrophe connected with a climate, environment or water hazards has happened everyday on average throughout the course of recent years – killing 115 individuals and costing US$ 202 million every day, as per a new report from the World Meteorological Organization (WMO). The number of catastrophes has increased five fold over the past 50 years, driven by environmental change leading to a more extreme climate. However, on account of work on early admissions for those who were injured, the quantity of deaths diminished very nearly three-fold (WMO, 2021). The report is the most extensive survey of mortality and financial damages from climate, water and environment limits to date. It evaluates the whole 50-year time frame as well as looking at individual 10 year timeframes. From 1970 to 2019, climate, environment and water risks represented exactly half of all disasters, 45% of all reported deaths and 74% of all reported economic losses. Over 91% of these deaths happened in developing nations (utilizing the United Nations Country Classification). Of the main 10 catastrophes, the dangers that prompted the biggest human misfortunes during the period have been dry spells (650 000 deaths), storms (577 232 deaths), floods (58 700 deaths) and extreme temperatures (55 736 deaths). Deaths reduced nearly by a third from 1970 to 2019. Losses of life tumbled from north of 50 000 deaths during the 1970s to under 20 000 during the 2010s. The 1970s and 1980s detailed an average of 170 related deaths each day during the 1990s, which typically fell by 33% to 90 related deaths each day, then kept on falling during the 2010s to 40 related deaths each day. As to financial losses, the main 10 occasions consist of storms (US$ 521 billion) and floods (US$ 115 billion). During the 50-year time frame, US$ 202 million in harm happened on an average basis. Monetary misfortunes have expanded sevenfold from the 1970s to the 2010s. The announced misfortunes from 2010-2019 (US$ 383 million every day on average) were more than the sum revealed from 1970-1979 (US$ 49 million). Storms were the most predominant reason for harm, bringing about the biggest monetary misfortunes all over the planet. It is the sole danger for which the ascribed segment is constantly expanding. Three of the costliest 10 calamities happened in 2017: Hurricanes Harvey (US$ 96.9 billion), Maria (US$ 69.4 billion) and Irma (US$ 58.2 billion). These three tropical storms alone represented 35% of the all out monetary misfortunes of the main 10 catastrophes all over the planet from 1970 to 2019 (Paul B. Tchounwou, 2021).